Shaheed Major Baldev Singh Ghuman, son of Sardar Bhim Singh Ghuman and Bibi
Inder Kaur, was born on 10th July 1937 at village Muhadipur, District
Sialkot (now in Pakistan). After the partition his father settled down at
village Bhani Bhagar (near Qadian), district Gurdaspur and here Maj. B.S.
Ghuman finished his education at Sikh National College Qadian under the one
of the best educators; Head Master Sardar Karam Singh Ghuman, Head Master
Santokh Singh Cheema and Principal Bawa Harkrishan Singh.
In 1961 he joined the Indian Army and served in 4th Jat Battalion until he
resigned as a Major in 1983. He participated in three Indian wars during
1962, 1965 and 1971 but was left saddened and shocked with the attack on
Golden Temple by Indian Army in summer of 1984. Baldev Singh Ghuman was
saddened by the Operation Bluestar Massacre and wanted to do something to
improve the Sikh turmoil in Panjab. After this incident he came
under the influence of Damdami Taksal and started to work closely with
Sardar Simranjit Singh Mann (MP) holding the position of senior member of
Panjab State Working Committee within Akali Dall (Mann.)
Major Baldev Singh Ghuman and Jathedar Manveer Singh Chaheru of Khalistan
Commando Force became good friends and they both respected and trusted
Soon he became a highly active human rights activist by organizing peaceful
protests against fake police encounters and torture of Sikhs.
During 1986, Major Baldev Singh Ghuman became the middle man and united the
AISSF (Ropar Group) and KCF (Chaheru group),
and saving hundreds of innocent Sikh men from being engaged
in fake encounters and torture during the dark days of Panjab in 1980's.
Sarabjit Singh Ropar, president of AISSF, who was son of a DSP, became a
Police informer and called a meeting at Baldev Singh's house were Manveer
Singh was also invited and on August 8 1986, Manveer Singh was arrested by
Police at the residence of Major Baldev Singh Ghuman in Jalandhar. The
Police also arrested Major Baldev Singh Ghuman, and Charanjit Singh. The
raid was conducted by DSP Sawarn Singh "Ghotna", a well renowned 'butcher'
He was tortured in Jalandhar and Amritsar interrogation
centers and later moved around in different jails of Panjab including Nabha,
Sangrur and Patiala for two years, from were he was released after the court
dismissed his case.
His journey to jail and infliction of torture upon him made him stronger and
he spoke out much louder against the human rights violations, which took
place in Panjab. As a senior member of Akali Dall (Mann) his duties included
to get innocent Sikh men out of the jails of Panjab and to retrieve dead
bodies of Sikh men killed in encounters. His this activity did not seemed to
make authorities and police too happy and he was shot dead on 23rd June,
1990 at his house in Jalandhar by police sponsored killers known as "cats",
so that the voice of the oppressed people can be brought down.
People of his village and surrounding villages made a small memorial in his
memory at Gurdawara Tahli Sahib at village Ghorawaha, Gurdaspur were now
Baba Darshan Singh Ji is running a Sikh academy and providing an opportunity
for the children from surrounding villages to get basic education. A person
is not dead until forgotten; Shaheed Maj. Baldev Singh Ghuman was a brave
soldier who fought for his country, and people. Upon his death all political
and human rights organizations of Panjab paid their homage and was declared
a great martyr.