Basic Postulates of the Shiromani Akali Dal
As adopted by the working committee of the Shiromani Akali Dal at its
meeting held at Sri Anandpur Sahib on October 16-17, 1973.
1. The Shiromani Akali Dal is the very embodiment of the hopes and
aspirations of the Sikhs and as such is fully entitled to its
representation. The basic postulates of this organization are human
co-existence, human progress and ultimate unity of all human beings with
the spiritual soul.
2. These postulates are based upon the three great principles of Sri
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, namely meditation on God’s Name, dignity of labour,
and sharing the fruits of this labour. (Nam Japo, Kirat Karo, and Vand
The Shiromani Akali Dal shall ever strive to achieve the following aims:
1. Propagation of Sikhism, its ethical values and code of conduct to
2. Preservation and keeping alive the concept of distinct and sovereign
identity of the Panth and building up of appropriate condition in which
the national sentiments and aspirations of the Sikh Panth will find full
expression, satisfaction and growth.
3. Eradication of poverty and starvation through increased production
and more equitable distribution of wealth and the establishment of a
just social order and any exploitation.
4. Vacation of discrimination on the basis of caste, creed or any other
ground in keeping with basic principles of Sikhism.
5. Striving for the removal of disease and ill health, denouncement of
the use of intoxicants and enlargement of full facilities for the
physical well-being to prepare and enthuse the Sikh Nation for the
The Shiromani Akali Dal considers it its primary duty to inculcate among
the Sikh, religious fervour and a pride in their rich religious heritage
for which it proposes to pursue the following measures:
(a) Reiteration of the concept of unity (Oneness) of God, meditation on
His Name, recitation of Gurbani, renewal of faith in the ten Sikh Gurus
and the holy Sri Guru Granth Sahib and other appropriate measures for
such a purpose.
(b) Grooming accomplished preachers, ragis, dhadis and poets in the Sikh
Missionary College for a more effectively propagation of Sikhism, Sikh
Philosophy, belief in Sikh code of conduct and Kirtan etc., at home and
abroad, in schools and colleges, in villages and cities as indeed at
(c) Baptizing the Sikhs (Amrit Parchar) on a vast scale, with particular
emphasis on Schools and Colleges of which teachers and the taught shall
be enthused through regular study circles.
(d) Reinculcate the religious practice of ‘DASWAND’ among the Sikhs.
(Giving one tenth of one’s earnings for the welfare of the Community).
(e) Generating feelings of respect for the Sikh intellectuals, writers,
preachers, Granthis, etc., who also in turn, would be enthused to
improve upon their accomplishments while conforming to the basic Sikh
tenets and traditions.
(f) Streamlining the Gurdwaras administration by giving better training
to their workers. Appropriate steps would also be taken to maintain
Gurdwara buildings in proper condition. For such a purpose, the party
representatives in the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and local
Committees would be directed from time to time to pull their weight.
(g) Making appropriate arrangements for the error free publication of
Gurbani; promoting research work in the ancient and modem Sikh history
as also its publication; rendering Gurbani in other languages and
producing first rate literature on Sikhism.
(h) Taking appropriate steps for the enactment of an All India Gurdwara
Act with a view to introduce improvements in the administration of the
Gurdwaras throughout the country and to reintegrate the traditional
preaching sects of Sikhism like Udasis and Nirmalas with the mainstream
of Sikhism without in any way encroaching on the properties of their
respective individual ‘maths’.
(i) Taking such steps as may be necessary to bring the Sikh Gurdwaras
all over the world under a single system of administration with a view
to run them according to the basic Sikh norms and to pool their sources
for dissemination of Sikhism on a wider and more impressive scale.
(j) Striving for free access to all those holy Sikh Shrines, including
Nankana Sahib from which the Sikh Panth has been separated, for
pilgrimage and proper upkeep.
The Political goal of the Panth, without doubt, is enshrined in the
commandments of the Tenth Lord, in the pages of the Sikh history and in
the very heart of Khalsa Panth, the ultimate objective of which is the
pre-eminence of the Khalsa.
The fundamental policy of the Shiromani Akali Dal is to seek the
realization of this birth right of the Khalsa through creation
of congenial environment and a political set up.
For Attainment of this Aim
The Shiromani Akali Dal is determined to strive by all possible means
(a) Have all those Punjabi speaking areas, deliberately kept out of
Punjab, such as Dalhousie in Gurdaspur District; Chandigarth;
Pinjore-Kalka and Ambala Sardar etc., in Amabala District; the entire
Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur District; the ‘Desh’ area of Nalagarh; Shahbad
and Gulha blocks of Kamal District; Tohana Sub-Tehsil, Rattia block of
Sirsa Tehsil of Hissar District and six tehsils of Ganganagar District
in Rajasthan; merged with Punjab to constitute a single administrative
unit where the interests of Sikhs and Sikhism are specifically
(b) In this new Punjab and in other States, the Centre’s interference
would be restricted to Defence, Foreign relations, currency and general
communication; all other departments would be in the jurisdiction of
Punjab (and other states) which would be fully entitled to frame their
own Laws on these subjects for administration. For the above departments
of the Centre, Punjab and other States contribute in proportion to
representation in the Parliament.
(c) The Sikhs and other religious minorities living out of Punjab should
be adequately protected against any kind of discrimination).
2. The Shiromani Akali Dal would also endeavour to have the Indian
Constitution recast on real federal principles, with equal
representation at the Centre for all the States.
3. The Shiromani Akali Dal strongly denounces the foreign policy of India
framed by the Congress party. It is worthless, hopeless, and highly
detrimental to the interest of the country, the Nation and the mankind
at large. Shiromani Akali Dal shall extend its support only to that
foreign policy of India which is based on the principles of peace and
national interests. It strongly advocates a policy of peace with all
neighbouring countries especially those inhabited by the Sikhs and their
sacred shrines. The
Akali Dal is of the firm view that our foreign policy should in no case
play second fiddle to that of any other country.
4. The Shiromani Akali Dal shall raise its firm voice against any
discrimination against any Sikh (or even other) employees of the Central
or State Governments. The Shiromani Akali Dal shall also endeavour to
maintain the traditional position of the Sikhs in all the wings of the
defence department and the Panth would pay particular attention to the
needs of the Sikh army men. The Shiromani Akali Dal would also see that
‘Kirpan’ is accepted as an internal part of the uniform of the Sikhs in
5. It shall be the primary duty of the Shiromani Akali Dal to help to
rehabilitate the ex-servicemen of the Defence Department in civil life
and for such a purpose it would extend them every help to enable them to
organize themselves so that they are able to raise their voice in an
effective way for gaining adequate concessions and proper safeguards for
a life of self respect and dignity.
6. Thus, Shiromani Akali Dal is of the firm opinion that all those
persons, males or females who have not been convicted to any criminal
offence by a court of law should be at liberty to possess all types of
small arms, like revolvers, guns, pistols, rifles, carbines etc.,
without any license, the only obligation being their registration.
7. The Shiromani Akali Dal seeks ban on the sale of liquor and other
intoxicants and shall press for prohibition on the consumption of
intoxicants and smoking in public places.
The Economic Policy and Programme of the Shiromani Akali Dal
As adopted by its Working Committee on 17th October, 1973 at its meeting
held at Sri Anandpur Sahib:
Although the mainstay of the Indian economy is agriculture and all those
political powers who claim to raise social structure on the basis of
justice cannot afford to ignore this fact, yet this is a hard fact that
the levers of economic powers, continue to be in the hands of big
traders, capitalists and monopolists. Some marginal benefits might have
accrued to other classes, but the real benefits of economic growth have
been reaped by these categories during the last 26 years after
independence. The political power has also been misappropriated by these
classes which are wielding the same for their own benefits. As such, any
peaceful attempt to usher in a new era of social justice would have to
break the economic and political strongholds of these categories of
The Shiromani Akali Dal strongly advocates that the growing gulf between
the rich and poor, in the urban and rural areas both should be abridged
but, it is of the firm opinion that, for such a purpose, the first
assault would have to be made on the classes who have assumed all the
reins of economic power in their hands. In rural areas the Akali Dal is
determined to help the weaker classes, like the scheduled castes!
backward classes, landless tenants, ordinary labourers, poor and middle
class farmers. For such a purpose, it stands for meaningful land reforms
which envisage a ceiling of 30 standard acres and the distribution of
excess land among the poor farmers.
The motto of Shiromani Akali Dal is to provide employment to all,
requisite food and clothing for all, house to live in, suitable
transport and to create means to fulfil all those necessities of a
civilized life without which life appears incomplete.
As such, the economic policy of Shiromani Akali Dal shall endeavour to
achieve the following objectives.
During recent years the agriculture sector has witnessed land reforms
and green revolution. The Shiromani Akali Dal undertakes to enrich the
green revolution by an increase in yield per acre. It should also ensure
perceptible improvement in the standard of living of all rural classes,
more particularly of the poor and the middle class farmers, as also the
landless labourer. For such a purpose, it plans to work on the following
(a) Introducing land reforms and measures for increasing agricultural
production with a view to remove the growing gap between the rich and
the poor. For such a purpose the existing legislation on land ceiling
would have to be revised and a firm ceiling of 30 standard acres per
family would have to be enforced with proprietry rights to the actual
tillers. The excess land would be distributed among the landless.
Government land lying unused shall be distributed among the landless
classes especially the scheduled castes and tribes. While distributing
such lands, the interests of Harijans and landless labourers would be
particularly taken care of. The Akali Dal would also consider other
possibilities of allowing the tenants to service loans by mortgaging
land under their plough, as also prohibiting the scheduled castes/tribes
and backward classes from mortgaging the land distributed among them.
(b) The Shiromani Akali Dal shall work for the modernization of farming
and would also try to enable the middle class and poor farmers to seek
loans and inputs made available by different agencies.
(c) The Shiromani Akali Dal shall try to fix the prices of the
agricultural produce on the basis of the returns of the middle class
farmers. Such prices would be notified well before the sowing season and
only the State Governments would be empowered to fix such prices.
(d) The Shiromani Akali Dal stands for complete nationalization of the
trade in food grains and as such, shall endeavour to nationalize the
wholesale trade in food grains through the establishment of state
(e) The Shiromani Akali Dal strongly opposes the demarcation of food
zones and the attendant restrictions on the movements of food grains.
The whole country should be treated as the Single Food Zone.
The party shall make special efforts to bring the Thein Dam and the
Bhatinda Thermal Plant to a speedy completion so that increased and
cheaper power and irrigation facilities are available. Efforts would be
made for the establishment of an Atomic power station in the State.
Co-operative societies would be set up in the rural areas. In all those
areas where canal water is not available small irrigation projects would
be taken in hand.
The Shiromani Akali Dal strongly advocates that all key industries
should be brought under the public sector.
It is of the opinion that basic consumer industries should be
immediately nationalized to stabilise the prices of the consumer goods
and to save the poor consumer from exploitation at the hands of the
industrialists and the middlemen.
The pubic Sector industries should be established in such a way that the
imbalance between different states is removed. A planned effort to
establish agro-industries in the rural areas should be made to relieve
the growing population pressure in the urban areas. The industrial
management should be democratized by enabling the workers to have a say
in the management and by fair distribution of profits between the
industrialists and the workers. The credit agencies, especially the
nationalized banks, should be directed to invest a fixed ratio of their
deposits in the rural areas. Every industrial unit beyond worth one
crore assets should be brought under the public sector. The Akali Dal
stands for progressive nationalisation of transport.
The Public Sector units should be fully autonomous and manned by
competent young executives-drawn from a central pool of talent.
The Shiromani Akali Dal demands that the whole tax structure be revised
in such a way that the evasion of taxes and the flow of black money is
completely eradicated. It stands for a simple and straight-forward
system of taxation. The present infra-structure of taxation, weighs
heavily against the poor and enables the rich to bypass it. The party
stands for a more realistic policy in this respect so that the black
money running a parallel economy may be usefully utilized for workers,
middle class employees and agricultural labour.
For their benefits the Shiromani Akali Dal would try its best:
To fix need based wages for industrial workers.
To bring progressive improvement in the standard of living of
To re-assess the minimum wages of agricultural labour and to standard
of living for them.
To take necessary steps to provide roofed accommodation for standard
of living for them.
To take necessary steps to provide roofed accommodation for the rural
and urban poor.
The Shiromani Akali Dal Stands for full employment in the country. For
such a purpose, it is of the firm opinion that the government must
provide immediate employment to the educated and trained persons,
otherwise reasonable unemployment allowance should be paid to them. This
amount should be shared by the Centre and the State governments. The
minimum rates (these rates were fixed in 1973) of such an allowance
should be as under:
Matric and trained hands, Rs. 50/- per month
B.A., Rs. 75/- per month
M.A., Rs. 100/- per month
Engineers and Doctors, Rs. 150/- per month
Other trained Labour, Rs. 50/- per month
All persons above the age of 65 should be given old age pension.
Weaker Sections And Backward Classes
The Shiromani Akali Dal shall try to improve the economic condition of
the backward classes and weaker sections of society by extending them
facilities for education, employment and other concessions, to enable
them to come at par with other sections of society. Food grains at
cheaper rates would , be made available to them.
Adopted, in the light of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution, at open session
of the 18th All India Akali Conference held at Ludhiana on October
28-29, 1978, under the presidentship of Jathedar Jagdev Singh Talwandi
are as under:
Resolution No. 1
Moved by Sardar Gurcharan Singh Tohra, President, Shiromani Gurdwara
Parbandhak Committee, and endorsed by Sardar Parkash Singh Badal, Chief
The Shiromani Akali Dal realizes that India is a federal and republican
geographical entity of different languages, religions and cultures. To
safeguard the fundamental rights of the religious and linguistic
minorities, to fulfil the demands of the democratic traditions and to
pave the way for economic progress, it has become imperative that the
Indian constitutional infrastructure should be given a real federal
shape by redefining the Central and State relation and rights on the
lines of the aforesaid principles and objectives.
The concept of total revolution given by Lok Naik Jaya Parkash Narain is
also based upon the progressive decentralization of powers. The climax
of the process of centralization of powers of the states through
repeated amendments of the Constitution during the Congress regime came
before the countrymen in the form of the Emergency (1975), when all
fundamental rights of all citizens was usurped. It was then that the
programme of decentralization of powers ever advocated by Shiromani
Akali Dal was openly accepted and adopted by other political parties
including Janata Party, C.P.I. (M), D.M.K., etc.
Shiromani Akali Dal has ever stood firm on this principle and that is
why after a very careful consideration it unanimously adopted a
resolution to this effect first at the All India Akali Conference,
Batala, then at Anandpur Sahib which has endorsed the principle of State
autonomy in keeping with the concept of federalism.
As such, the Shiromani Akali Dal emphatically urges upon the Janata
Government to take cognizance of the different linguistic and cultural
sections, religious minorities as also the voice of millions of people
and recast the constitutional structure of the country on real and
meaningful federal principles to obviate the possibility of any danger
to the unity and integrity of the country and, further, to enable the
states to play a useful role for the progress and prosperity of the
Indian people in their respective areas by a meaningful exercise of
Resolution No. 2
This momentous meeting of the Shiromani Akali Dal calls upon the
Government of India to examine carefully the long tale of the excesses,
wrongs, illegal actions committed by the previous Congress Government,
more particularly during the Emergency, and try to find an early
solution to the following problems:
Chandigarh originally raised as a Capital for Punjab should be handed
over to Punjab.
The long-standing demand of the Shiromani Akali Dal for the merger in
Punjab of the Punjabi-speaking areas, to be identified by linguistic
experts with village as a unit, should be conceded.
The control of headworks should continue to be vested in Punjab and,
if need be, the Reorganization Act should be amended.
The arbitrary and unjust Award given by Mrs. Indira Gandhi during the
Emergency on the distributions of Ravi-Beas waters should be revised on
the universally accepted norms and principles, and justice be done to
Keeping in view the special aptitude and martial qualities of the
Sikhs, the present ratio of their strength in the Army should be
The excesses being committed on the settlers in the Tarai region of
the Uttar Pradesh in the name of Land Reforms should be vacated by
making suitable amendments in the ceiling law on the Central guidelines.
Resolution No. 3
(Economic Policy Resolution)
The chief sources of inspiration of the economic policies and programme
of the Shiromani Akali Dal are the secular, democratic and socialistic
concepts of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh. Our economic programme is
based on three principles:
Dignity of labour
An economic and social structure which provides for the uplift of the
poor and depressed sections of society.
Unabated opposition to concentration of economic and political power
in the hands of the capitalists.
While drafting its economic policies and programme, the Shiromani Akali
Dal in its historic Anandpur Sahib Resolution has laid particular stress
on the need to break the monopolistic hold of the capitalists foisted on
the Indian economy by 30 years of Congress rule in India. This
capitalist hold enabled the Central government to assume all powers in
its hands after the manner of Mughal imperialism. This was bound to
thwart the economic progress of the states and injure the social and
economic interests of the people. The Shiromani Akali Dal once again
reiterates the Sikh way of life by resolving to fulfil the holy words of
Guru Nanak Dev:
“He alone realizes the true path who labours honestly and shares with
others the fruits of that labour”.
This way of life is based upon three basic principles:
Doing honest labour.
Sharing with others the fruits of this labour.
Meditation on the Lord’s Name.
The Shiromani Akali Dal calls upon the Central and the State governments
to eradicate unemployment during the next ten years. While pursuing this
aim, special emphasis should be laid on amelioration the lot of the
weaker sections, scheduled and depressed classes, workers, landless and
poor farmers and urban poor farmers and urban poor. Minimum wages should
br fixed for all of them.
The Shiromani Akali Dal urges Punjab government to draw up such an
economic plan for the state as would turn it into the leading state
during the next ten years by raising per capita income to Rs. 3,000/-
and by generating an economic growth rate of 7% per annum as against 4%
at the national level.
The Shiromani Akali Dal gives first priority to the redrafting of the
taxation structure in such a way that the burden of taxation is shifted
from the poor to the richer classes and an equitable distribution of
national income ensured.
The main plank of the economic programme of the Shiromani Akali Dal is
to enable the economically weaker sections of the society to share the
fruits of national income.
The Shiromani Akali Dal calls upon the Central government to make an
international airport at Amritsar which should also enjoy the facilities
of a dry port. Similarly, a Stock Exchange should be opened at Ludhiana
to accelerate the process of industrialization and economic growth in
the State. The Shiromani Akali Dal also desires that suitable amendments
should be made in the Foreign Exchange rules for free exchange of
foreign currencies and thereby removing the difficulties being faced by
the Indian emigrants.
The Shiromani Akali Dal emphatically urges upon the Indian government to
bring about parity between the prices of the agricultural produce and
that of the industrial raw materials so that the discrimination against
such states that lack these materials may be removed.
The Shiromani Akali Dal demands that the exploitation of the produces of
cash crops like cotton, sugarcane, oil seeds, etc., at the hand of
traders should be stopped forthwith and for this purpose arrangements be
made for purchase by government of these crops at remunerable prices.
Besides, effective steps should be taken by government for the purchase
of cotton through the Cotton Corporation.
The Shiromani Akali Dal strongly feels that the most pressing national
problem is the need to ameliorate the lot of millions of exploited
persons belonging to the scheduled classes. For such a purpose the
Shiromani Akali Dal calls upon the Central and State governments to
earmark special funds. Besides, the state governments should allot
sufficient funds in their respective budgets for giving free residential
plots both in the urban and rural areas to the Scheduled Castes.
The Shiromani Akali Dal also calls for the rapid diversification of
farming. The shortcomings in the Land Reforms Laws should be removed,
rapid industrialization of the State ensured, credit facilities for the
medium industries expanded and unemployment allowance given to those who
are unemployed. For remunerative farming, perceptible reduction should
be made in the prices of farm machinery like tractors, tubewells, as
also of the inputs.
Resolution No. 4
This huge gathering of the Shiromani Akali Dal regrets the
discrimination to which the Punjabi language is being subjected in
adjoining States of Himachal, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, etc. It
is its firm demand that in accordance with the Nehru Language Formula,
the neighbouring State of Punjab should give ‘second language’ status to
Punjabi because of fairly large sections of their respective populations
Resolution No. 5
The meeting regrets that against the ‘claims’ of the refugees who had
migrated to Jammu and Kashmir as a result of the partition of the
country, no compensation had been provided to them even after such a
long time and these unfortunate refugees had been rotting in the camps
ever since then.
This Akali Dal session, therefore, forcefully demands that their claims
should be settled soon and immediate steps should be taken to
rehabilitate them even if it involves an amendment to section 370.
Resolution No. 6
The 18th session of the All India Akali Conference take strong exception
to the discrimination to which the minorities in other states are being
subjected and the way in which their interests are being ignored.
As such, it demands that injustice against the Sikhs in other states
should be vacated and proper representation should be given them in
government service, local bodies and state legislatures, through
nominations, if need be.
Resolution No. 7
The 18th session of the All India Akali Conference notes with
satisfaction that mechanization of farming in the country has led to
increase in the farm yield and a as a result the country is heading
However, the session feels that poor farmers are unable to tale to
mechanization because of the enormity of the cost involved.
As such, the Shiromani Akali Dal urges upon the Government of India to
abolish the excise duty on tractors, sot that with the decrease in their
prices, the smaller farmers may also be able to avail themselves of farm
machinery and contribute to increase in agricultural produce of the
Resolution No. 8
This conference of the Shiromani Akali Dal appeals to the Central and
State governments to pay particular attention to the poor and labouring
classes and demands that besides making suitable amendments in the
Minimum Wages Act, suitable legal steps be taken to improve the economic
lot of the labouring class, to enable it to lead respectable life and
play a useful role in the rapid industrialization of the country.
Resolution No. 9
This session seeks permission from the Government of India to install a
broadcasting station at the Golden Temple, Amritsar, for the relay of
‘Gurbani Kirtan’ for the spiritual satisfaction of those Sikh who are
living in foreign lands.
The session wishes to make it clear that the entire cost of the proposed
broadcasting project would be borne by the Khalsa Panth and its over all
control shall vest with the Indian Government. It is hoped that the
Government would have no hesitation in conceding this demand after due
Resolution No. 10
The huge session of the Shiromani Akali Dal strongly urges upon the
Government of India to make necessary amendments in the following
enactment for the benefit of the agricultural classes who have toiled
hard for the sake of larger national interests:
Hindu Succession Act be suitably amended to enable a woman to get
rights of inheritance in the properties of her father-in-law instead of
The agricultural lands of the farmers should be completely exempted
from the Wealth Tax and the Estate Tax.
Resolution No. 11
This vast gathering of the Shiromani Akali Dal strongly impresses upon
the Government of India that keeping in vies that economic backwardness
of the scheduled and non-scheduled castes, provisions proportionate to
their population should be made in the budget for utilization for their
welfare. A special ministry should be created at the Centre as a
practical measure to render justice to them on the basis of
The session also calls upon the government that in keeping with the
settlement already made, no discrimination should be made between the
Sikh and Hindu Harijans in any part of the country.
Resolution No. 12
The Congress government is called upon to vacate the gross injustice,
discrimination done to Punjab in the distribution of Ravi-Beas waters.
The Central government must also give approval for the immediate
establishment of six sugar and four textile mills in Punjab so that the
State may be able to implement its agro-industrial policy.