Shaheed Jathedar Talvinder Singh Babbar
Babbar Khalsa International (BKI)

Jathedar Sahib was born February 26, 1944 at village Panchhat (tehsil Phagwara, district Kapurthala). His father was Jathedar Jamit Singh Parmar, and his mothers were Mata Surjit Kaur Parmar and Mata Dhan Kaur Parmar. He has 3 brothers and 6 sisters.

Jathedar Sahib finished grade 10, then took over the day to day farming duties from his father. He married Bibi Surinder Kaur in 1964, and had three children. He then immigrated to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1970.

Nankana Sahib, 1975

In 1973, he started to do Nitnem and other paath. Later that year, his whole family started living in a manner befitting Sikhi. Jathedar Sahib took Amrit in 1975 at Panja Sahib, on Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji's gurpurb. His family took Amrit in 1976.

Talvinder Singh Parmar after taking Amrit at Nankana Sahib, at a hotel in near Panja Sahib

After getting Amrit, Jathedar Talvinder Singh started missionary activities. His first act was to stop the sale of Guru Granth Sahib as an ordinary book in Canada. Later, he undertook the mission of elimination of un-Sikh like practices from the Gurdwaras in Canada. He, along with his friends, had to struggle hard to stop the entry of bare-headed people into the worship halls of the Gurdwaras.

November 1975 - Dara Sahib, Lahore, Pakistan

During the late 1970's and early 1980’s, Jathedar Sahib travelled all over Canada and the United States, preaching about Sikhi. After the horrific events of Amritsar 1978, when Bhai Fauja Singh and 12 other Gursikhs were killed, Jathedar Sahib decided to go to India to effect change.

In 1979, he quit his well paying job, his comfortable safe life, to go to India, and show the Punjabi people the Sikhi way of life. Jathedar Sahib started a group dedicated to the original Babbars known as the Akali Babbars.

Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada, 1977. The Singhs with the Khanda's on their dastars are founders of Babbar Khalsa

L to R - Unknown, Gurmit Singh, Unknown, Avtar Singh, Giani Lal Singh, Ajaib Singh, and Satnam Singh

The founders of the Akali Babbar movement were from the same city Vancouver, British Columbia. These brave fearless Sikhs also left a life of comfort, ease and convenience to fight the brutal British occupation of India. Jathedar Sahib found it fitting to call this new group Babbar Khalsa whose founders were also from British Columbia, Canada. Babbar Khalsa’s goal was to spread the teachings of the Gurus to the people of Punjab and bring to justice people convicted of human rights violation against the Sikhs.

When Jathedar Sahib first arrived in Punjab Baba Nihal Singh of Haria Velaan helped him and his newly formed group Babbar Khalsa by giving them shelter and a base to operate out of. Jathedar Sahib met with other like minded Sikhs to start his mission.

Yatra To Takhat Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib, 1980

L to R - Tarseem Singh, Unknown, Harnek Singh, Unknown, Shaheed Kalwant Singh Nagoke, Unknown, Shaheed Surjeet Singh, Resham Singh Germany, Shaheed Talvinder Singh Parmar, Dara Singh Langary, Fouji Singh , Wadhawa Singh and his son, Unknown, Bookan Singh, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown.

From 1979 - 1981, Jathedar Sahib travelled all over Punjab doing sewa, Amrit sanchar's, teaching people how to live as a good Sikh. During this time, approximately 15,000 people took Amrit from Jathedar Sahib.

1980, Phagwara

Jathedar Sahib was a very charismatic man, dressing in Nihang Singh Bana, with his colourful chola and dumalla. Looking at Jathedar Sahib, you forgot all your worries; he made you want to be a better person, and the best possible Sikh you could be.

As Jathedar Sahib's popularity in Punjab rose, the Indian government started to notice him and his message to the Sikhs to stand up and fight for their rights. They did not want a strong Sikh people, so the Indian police created fake encounters to arrest him. When Jathedar Sahib escaped from Deheru Khaand mukabala the first ever police encounter between Sikhs and the police, the government put a 50,000 rupee reward for his capture dead or alive.

During this period the Akali Dal recognized Jathedar Sahib for his accomplishments and his un-wavering dedication to Sikhi and the fight for justice against a tyrannical regime in the administration of then Prime Minister Indira Ghandi. The Akali Dal honoured Jathedar Sahib with one of the most prestigious titles of "Jinda Shaheed" (living Martyr). In Sikh history only a handful of Sikhs have ever been honoured with such a title.

As the Indian Military and Punjab Police hunted Jathedar Sahib and his fellow Babbars a group of five Sikhs including Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale (Damdami Taksal), Sant Harcharn Singh Longowal (SGPC), Singh Sahib Gurdial Singh Ajnoha (Jathedar, Siri Akal Takhat Sahib) ordered Jathedar Sahib to leave India for he was more valuable to the Sikh nation alive then dead. He did not want to leave, but he accepted the Panj Pyarae's orders. He came back to Canada in May 1982 to a hero's welcome.

After arriving in Canada within a few weeks Jathedar Ji arranged for Bhai Wadhawa Singh, Bhai Tarseem Singh, Bhai Satnam Singh, and Bhai Resham Singh safe passage to then West Germany where the claimed refugee status.

Jathedar Sahib asked the other Babbars that were with him who else wanted to leave India and continue the battle at a later date Bhai Amerjit Singh, Bhai Gurnam Singh, Bhai Surjeet Singh, and Bhai Sewa Singh offered to stay and continue to fight injustices in Punjab.

Of the group of Babbars which remained behind in India Bhai Sewa Singh was captured and served a sentence of 14 years in jail and is now living with his family in Punjab, Bhai Amerjit Singh was arrested, tortured, and killed in a fake police encounter, Bhai Gurnam Singh and Bhai Surjeet Singh were killed in on June 4, 1984 when they defended with their lives the military invasion of the Golden Temple.

As soon as Jathedar Sahib arrived back in Canada he started Sikhi parchar and Amrit Sanchars across Canada. He was a very popular speaker, and was rarely at home.

1983 - Somewhere in UK

In June 1983, he accepted an invitation from the England and European sangats to come for a visit, and share his experiences. Unbeknownst to Jathedar Sahib, the Indian Government had quietly put out an Interpol warrant for his arrest. He was arrested on June 25, 1983 in West Germany. India wanted West Germany to extradite Jathedar Sahib back to India right away. His lawyers in West Germany, England, India, and Canada fought extradition with great valour. On July 6, 1984, disgusted with India's lying and cheating, the judge released Jathedar Sahib. Jathedar Sahib came home to Canada to another hero's welcome on July 7, 1984. Jathedar Sahib spent over 13 months in solitary confinement in a West German Jail where he spoke no German and the guards and inmates spoke no English. The guards kept him in his cell for 23 hours and 40 minutes. He was only allowed outside his cell for 20 minutes a day.

Baisakhi Nagar Kirtan, Toronto 1985

Toronto, Canada, 1985

Toronto, Canada, 1985

Westen Road Gurdwara, Toronto, 1985 or 1986

Jathedar Sahib was very hurt by Operation Bluestar. The destruction of Harmandir Sahib and the Akal Takht Sahib was like the destruction of himself.

Jathedar Sahib at Hamilton Gurdwara, September 1985

In Nov 1985, Jathedar Sahib was arrested in Canada for being behind the Air India crash. When crown provided no evidence the charges were stayed and he was released in January 1986.

From a interview with one of the television stations, 85-86

Jathedar Sahib was again arrested in Jun 1986 for conspiracy to bomb the parliament buildings in India, he was charged along with eight other Babbars. Of these nine men, six were released immediately. The other three men, including Jathedar Sahib, went through a trial, and were found not guilty in May 1987. Jathedar Sahib again spent over 10 months in solitary confinement in a Hamilton jail, during that time Jathedar Sahib day consisted of been locked up for 23 hours and 40 minutes everyday.

Canada, 1987, After Jathedar Sahib were released from jail

In June 1988 Jathedar Sahib saw no other choice but to leave Canada to once again fight human rights violation of his fellow Sikhs in India. He could stand by no longer and let a tyrant government take advantage of his people.

Jathedar Sahib with his wife Bibi Surinder Kaur

Dara region, near Peshawar, Pakistan, close to border with Afghanistan, July 1989

In Pakistan, at Bhog of the 5th continuous Akhand Paat before Bhai Manjit Singh (on the left), went across the border into Punjab, Jathedar Sahib is seated on the right. Bhai Manjit Singh was Jathedar Sahib's brother in law, and  was one of the Singhs who had hijacked an Air India plane in protest of the attack on Harmandir Sahib, in which no one was harmed. Bhai Manjit Singh attained shaheedi whilst trying to cross the border

In early October 1992, Jathedar Sahib was arrested by the Indian police. He was tortured but stayed true to his Sikhi and Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The Indian police created a fake encounter, in which Jathedar Sahib gave his Shaheedi.

Jathedar Sahib was a great Sikh. His Nitnem consisted of 18 banis. He got up at 2am to do simran for 2 hours. He could do a Sahej Paath by himself in four days. He would do a 12-13 hour Rohl. Jathedar Sahib gursikhi jeevan is something to aspire to. The world would be a better place if there were more men and women like him.

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